Legal Services in the United States

Legal Services in the United States



This Chapter was the first of several case studies on domestic regulation included in Part III of this book. The Chapter began by noting the evolving regulatory environment for legal services in the United States. It provided an overview of the United States’ regulatory structure for legal services and included a section on pathways to licensure as a fully qualified United States lawyer. This Chapter also addressed trends towards modification of eligibility requirements, the rise of the Uniform Bar Examination (UBE), and provided a view of the future, including expanded access for foreign lawyers in the United States. The Chapter also included a section on trade-related implications that highlighted some of the ways in which trade negotiations have affected the U.S. legal services’ regulatory structure and the ways in which the U.S. legal services’ regulatory structure has affected trade negotiations. This Chapter was based on a presentation at the World Trade Organization (WTO) by Erica Moeser, who is the President and CEO of the National Conference of Bar Examiners. The WTO’s General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) includes a provision that requires WTO Member States to conduct negotiations to develop “disciplines” on domestic regulation of services sectors. This book was prepared under the auspices of the WTO and contains analyses and case-studies from academics, regulators and trade experts that explore the scope and limits of WTO legal principles to promote domestic regulatory reform. The case studies discuss country-specific challenges and experiences of regulating important service sectors. The book is intended to provide a useful resource for academics and students researching regulatory approaches and practices in services sectors.



Publication Date



Cambridge University Press


WTO, GATS, Legal Services, Domestic Regulation, UBE, Uniform Bar Exam


International Trade Law | Legal Education | Legal Profession

Legal Services in the United States